Spain’s upcoming election

Spain’s election on December 20 is expected to put an end to the dominance of two parties and see big gains for Podemos and Ciudadanos. The Guardian newspaper published an article packed with information – all you need to know.

Voters will elect all 350 members of its lower house, the Congress of Deputies, and most of the Senate (208 of 266 seats). The vote is expected to put an end to more than three decades of political duopoly.

Since the 1970s when Spain made its transition to “democracy”, general elections have been dominated (with few exceptions) by the Spanish Socialist Workers’ party (PSOE) or the centre-right People’s party (PP) and its earlier incarnations.

But Spain’s political landscape has changed dramatically, according to The Guardian.

Today, the anti-austerity party Podemos polls well into double figures. The leftwing party, led by Pablo Iglesias, was only founded in January 2014 with the goal of translating Spain’s indignados protest movement into a more structured citizen-led political formation.

A second party to have followed a similarly spectacular trajectory is Ciudadanos. It is led by Albert Rivera, Spain’s most popular political leader and, at 36, its youngest. Ciudadanos is not a new party; it was founded in 2006 in Catalonia with the primary purpose of opposing Catalan nationalism. But since announcing that it would field candidates nationwide, support for it has rocketed.

According to The Guardian, the December 20 election will also show the support for regional parties, especially in Catalonia where separatist parties won a majority of seats this spring.

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